Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Chapter 1

(1-2) My beloved disciple, Paul from Tarsus, who my Son and I appointed, wrote this letter to the Galatian church with the full support of his fellow ministers.

(3) He opened with words so familiar to his writing: “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” Let these words become a part of you—grace and peace, peace and grace, knowing that life with me is infused with the goodness of my grace. Peace comes from believing in my Son’s finished work, and in my Spirit’s power to sustain you.

(4-5) According to our divine plan and for our glory, my Son willingly went to the cross, bearing all of your sins in order to restore you to right relationship with me, and to save you from the evil that defines so much of the world.

(6-7) My servant Paul was flummoxed over the church’s abandonment of my message of grace, a message that has been repeatedly neglected throughout the generations. People claiming to be Christians distort the message of the cross and end up making the gospel something other than good news, which is not the gospel at all. The good news is that my Son went willingly to the cross, taking with him the sins of the whole world, yours included, in order to offer reconciliation through forgiveness. Full stop. There is nothing else to be added to your salvation.

(8-9) Child, hold on to this message of grace with all that you have. Do not let it go. If religious leaders or influential evangelists, or even the very angels from heaven try to convince you of something other than the pure and simple good news, I will judge them. I do not tolerate the distortions of the good news, because it makes people question my love.

(10) These twisted messages often come from people pleasers, not from me. Paul knew the temptation to do or say things that would make him look good in the eyes of others, but he resisted, knowing the importance of the simple gospel. Child, hold fast to the message of grace. I know you want to make people happy and when you let your people pleaser get in the driver’s seat, you head down the wrong road. Be confident in who you are. Live from your security and belovedness in my Son.

(11-14) The good news of my Son was not devised by men; it comes straight from me. Paul understood the difference. He had been the epitome of a religious observer, insisting on rules and order that were distortions of my word. When people did not fall in line with his understanding, he dragged them off to prison. Faith in me should lead to freedom, not bondage. Paul had zeal, but for the wrong things, until I knocked him off his feet and gave him new eyes, gospel eyes.

(15-17) I chose Paul to be a minister of grace. When he finally saw my Son for who he is, he could think of nothing else but to share the good news. After he was converted, he spent three years in Saudi Arabia and Damascus listening to my Spirit rather than immediately going to the twelve in Jerusalem.

(18-24) After that, he went to Jerusalem and met Peter and Jesus’s brother James who were the leaders of the church in Jerusalem, in order that they could check out his story and know if he was a liar. Then he began to preach, first in Syria and Cilicia, though closer to Jerusalem, he was unknown except as a former persecutor of the church. Like Paul, all my children are ministers of the good news. Regardless of where you live, you are my representative. You do not need a pulpit or a foreign mission field, simply love people wherever you are, telling them about me, the God who loves them so deeply that he gave everything to restore the broken relationship with them.

Chapter 2

(1-2) Fourteen years later, Paul returned to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus to talk with the leaders of the growing church about my revelation to him. I had commissioned Paul to share the good news among the Gentiles—non-Jewish people—and he wanted to discuss his mission with Peter and James, to make sure he was on the right track.

People often proceed thoughtlessly when they believe they have heard something from me. Instead, practice wisdom. Talk with me and with trusted others about what you are hearing so that you can make informed decisions.

(3-5) Titus, Paul’s companion, was not Jewish and therefore not circumcised. Under the old covenant, males were circumcised as a sign of their relationship with me. Some insisted that even under the new covenant, circumcision remained necessary. Paul made it clear that the church leaders did not force Titus to receive circumcision, even though some who did not understand gospel freedom insisted that in order to be a proper Christian, one needed to be circumcised.

Those who held on to this false belief were concerned about the freedom and joy Paul and his friends had. My Son gives freedom through his finished work and that liberty often makes religious people uncomfortable. They would much prefer that you follow rules—their rules. Child, do not yield to the pressures to conform to manmade rules, not even for a moment, or the good news loses its punch. Let people to see the glorious freedom available through my Son.

(6-10) You will meet many people who seem to have great influence. You may feel the pressure to act in certain ways in order to gain their approval, but their approval means nothing to those who have been set free. Pay attention to the guidance of my word and my Spirit. Just as I had entrusted the twelve with ministry to the Jews, I entrusted Paul and his friends with ministry to the Gentiles. Whatever I send you, go joyfully. These leaders in the early church were friends and co-laborers in my kingdom, just as you are a co-laborer with those whose ministries differ from yours. Regardless, remember to love and serve those who are lowest in the culture, because they hold a special place in my heart. 

(11-13) When conflicts arise, clear the air quickly so that there is not an ongoing division between people. Although Peter had given Paul his blessing in Jerusalem, when he visited Paul in Antioch, his behaviors failed to match his words. Paul confronted him for acting differently when Jewish Christians were around. Peter had been eating with the Gentiles, but when James’s disciples came, Peter withdrew from them, fearing judgment. Following Peter’s lead, several other Jews withdrew, even Barnabas, the son of encouragement. There is a word to describe people who proclaim one message but live in a different way: hypocrite. In this case, Peter and those who followed suit were acting hypocritically.

I see hypocrisy all around my church. Christian leaders condemning pornography, even when they are looking at it regularly, or who condemn alcohol, but drink when no one is watching. It is hypocritical to adjust your behavior based on your circumstances.

(14) Paul confronted Peter’s hypocrisy, reminding him of the truth and freedom the gospel offers. Because it was not only Peter who acted this way, Paul addressed him in front of the group. “You can’t follow Jewish rules in one circumstance and not another and then expect those who are not Jewish to follow the rules that you do not even follow consistently.”

Christian, the same goes for you. You cannot dictate the behaviors of others when you do not practice them yourself. In your freedom, live a life of consistency.

(15-16) Some people place a lot of stock in their pedigree, believing that the right country, right church, or right ethnicity is what makes them right with me. Not so. Do you want to know what sets you right with me? Faith in what my Son accomplished. You cannot follow rules perfectly enough to prove your worth. Every day, you fall far short of perfection, but my love for you is not based on your action or inaction. Are you looking for something to do? Believe in my Son, who is your only hope.

(17-18) Some religious people worry that when people truly understand the implications of justification by faith, they will jettison morality and live like those who reject me altogether, celebrating sin and licentiousness. They also think that those who know gospel freedom believe that my Son approves of sin, but this is untrue. Do not ever mistake my mercy for indifference. Returning to morality as a means of making yourself right with me is the true error, because it communicates that you do not trust in the sufficiency of Christ’s blood. My servant Tullian Tchvidjian wrote a book titled, Jesus + Nothing = Everything,[1] which is precisely right.

(19) The purpose of my law was never to make you a perfect rule keeper. In fact, you know from experience that it is impossible to follow it even for one day. My apostle Paul wrote in another one of his letters that “the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more”[2] In other words, the law reveals your inability to measure up to my perfect standard and increases your need for my grace.

(20) When my Son was crucified, your old sinful self died with him. You are not that old self anymore. When you identify yourself principally as a sinner, you forget what my Son accomplished. In him, you are a new creation, a vessel for my Holy Spirit. My Son lives and moves in you, just as you live fully in him, what theologians have sometimes called “the great exchange.”[3]

Child, live in the reality that your earthly life is lived by faith in my Son. Trust that when he said “it is finished,”[4] he meant it. The cross is proof that I do not condemn you.

(21) If your own righteous acts are what keep us on good terms, Jesus’s crucifixion was unnecessary. Beloved, if there was a way to restore our relationship to wholeness, any way at all other than sacrificing my only Son, I would have done it, but that was the only way. To believe otherwise is to reject my gracious gift.

Chapter 3

(1) I know how easy it is for you to leave the road of faith. With wily words and verses out of context, religious people try to convince you to add things to faith alone to earn your salvation. You have seen the truth about my Son and that he was crucified for your sins. You have been convinced not only of the truth of the cross, but of its necessity. That takes faith.

(2-3) Do you know what else takes faith? Knowing in the core of your soul that my Spirit is within you. It also takes faith to trust that not only were my Son’s crucifixion and resurrection real events, but that Pentecost was real, when my Spirit descended upon the church and now dwells with and within my followers. My Spirit is not gift for rule followers; that is old way thinking. It is foolish to think you can attain perfection by adhering to a list of does and don’ts. 

(4-9) Was the movement of my Spirit that you experienced before all for nothing? Child, you have witnessed amazing things, not the least of which was your salvation, all because of my Spirit. Do you reject what has come before by trying to work harder? Have you come to believe that the day-to-day actions of my Spirit in your life happen because you are a rule follower? Instead, listen and believe. Pay attention to what the Spirit is doing in and through you. Just think of Abraham. What commended him to me? Faith! You are a child of his legacy of faith. When I called Abraham, I already knew that one day both Jews and Gentiles would find salvation by believing in me. I told Abraham that his faithfulness would pave the way for generations of faithful people from every tribe, nation, and tongue. Live a life of faith, never forgetting your inheritance.

(10-11) If you seek salvation through righteous living rather than faith in my Son, you also make yourself subject to the curse that comes with it. In the law, Moses wrote, “Every person who does not do everything prescribed in the law is under a curse.”[5] If you choose the law, bypassing the free gift of grace, then your standard is perfection, every moment of every day for your entire life, a standard you have already missed by long shot.

(12-13) The law and faith are different things. My moral law provides useful instruction for how to live, but do not then infer then that the law itself is the tool for getting right with me. The law has never been the route to salvation. One of the essential things my Son’s crucifixion accomplished was freeing you from the curse of imperfection regarding my law. He became a curse on your behalf because to die by crucifixion is, in and of itself, a curse.

(14) The curse fell to Jesus, but the blessing of Abraham was fulfilled through him too. Because of my Son’s work on the cross, all of Abraham’s offspring, regardless of where they are from, are welcome into the family of faith.

(15-16) Sometimes, it helps to see an example. When people establish a contract with one another, no one can simply renege nor change it on a whim. A contract remains binding for all parties, regardless of what subsequently occurs. I made promises to Abraham and his offspring and I always keep my word. Paul understood that my Son was the promise I made to Abraham’s offspring.

(17-18) In fact, it was not until four centuries after Abraham that I gave the law to Moses. Even then, I was not setting aside or ignoring my promise to Abraham. It was still fully in effect. Do not forget my covenants. Moses was given the law; Abraham was given the promise. Believe in the promise, fulfilled through my Son, who is your true inheritance. 

(19-20) If salvation does not depend upon keeping my law, why did I even bother to give it? Why did I not just skip that part? I gave the law so that people would understand what holiness looked like and know their inability to measure up. My grace and mercy make much more sense when you understand my holy standard. The law held the place of my covenant with my people until the new covenant was ushered in by my Son, the one who fulfills every redemptive promise.

(21-22) Perhaps it seems like law and grace are opposites. Not so. If you could have been redeemed by the law, that is how I would have done it, but earning your eternal security was never the purpose of the law. I gave the law so that you would recognize how far from my perfect standard everything has fallen. When you recognize the hopelessness of sin, it makes you ready to see your need for Jesus, the promised redeemer, who came to make all broken things whole. When you finally see what he has accomplished, you will invest all your hope in him. 

(23-24) Before the new covenant, everyone was shackled by the law, facing a life sentence that they could never work off. You were hopeless before my Son’s arrival. The law provided some restraint, but more importantly, pointed to my Son who was coming to set you free.

(25-26) Beloved, my Son has come. You have been set free, no longer in bondage to sin. I welcome everyone as sons and daughters. I want you to believe.

(27) Do not forget your baptism. You were buried under the water, clothed in a death shroud, but you were raised into new life, dressed in Jesus’s perfect purity and righteousness.

(28) It is my Son’s righteousness that matters, not your race, occupation, gender, IQ, creed, or hobbies. Every single person who has faith in what my Son has accomplished is justified by that faith. There are no superstars in my kingdom. Because I do not play favorites, I do not want you do so either. Every person bears my image and is loved by me. You are a child of Abraham, my Son’s treasured possession, and an heir to my kingdom according to the promise I made long ago.

Chapter 4

(1-3) Although heirs to my kingdom, under the old covenant my people were no different than slaves. The Mosaic Law, which was upheld by the scribes and priests, served as the guardian for my people until the time when my Son came to redeem them. Apart from my Son’s mercy, you too were under that guardian. Before my Spirit came at Pentecost, you were held captive by your flesh. You waffled between trying to follow the rules and giving into your passions, being pulled this way and that.

(4-5) When the time was right, I sent my Son to usher in the new covenant, all according to my plan. The law anticipated the Messiah who would redeem my people and bring them to the place of belonging with me. Paul called this redemptive work “adoption,” because I brought you into my family. Because you are my child, you have full rights to everything that is mine.

(6-7) The Spirit of my Son dwells within you, reminding you daily that I am not a stern task master, but your beloved Father, your Papa. Listen for the voice of my Spirit who whispers, “You are not a slave any longer. You are my beloved. I am so pleased you are alive. I love being with you. I am glad to share everything I have with you. I want you to be confident in all that I have for you.”

(8-11) There was a time when you did not know me, living as a slave to fleshly passion and evil desire, but that is all different now. As you have come to know me, you have also come to experience being known by me.  The impact of being fully and intimately known by another is essential to being human. It reveals my relational beauty. Still, even though you can see how much I love you and approve of you, you still fall back into the trap of being good and hoping to earn my approval. Beloved, you already have it. Why shackle yourself again to a set of rules that do nothing to improve your standing with me. Religious traditions and practices add nothing to your salvation. Zilch. When you try to earn my approval, the only outcome is exhaustion.

(12-14) I want you to know the freedom. When Paul first shared the good news with the Galatians, he lived from that place of freedom, not beholden to Jewish traditions, but living as a free man among them. He had originally stopped in Galatia because he was ill, but they were generous and kind toward him, treating him as if he were Christ himself, a sure sign of my common grace, because they were not yet converted.

(15-17) Paul blessed the Galatians, introducing them to the joy and freedom found only in my Son. Their generosity was beyond measure because they were so moved by the message Paul shared with them. When you understand the depths of my grace, it changes how you think about yourself and how you treat others, but when you slide back into former ways of thinking, you also begin to act selfishly. Actions follow thinking. In Paul’s case, he felt that the Galatian believers had grown cold toward him, because they were hearing from the Jewish Christians that grace was not enough. They were flattering the Galatians, inviting them to jump through hoops to become a part of their exclusive Christian club.

(18) Paul was not suggesting that celebrating one another was bad. Indeed, encouragement and celebration are good and holy, depending upon the motivation. I love to hear my children speaking fondly of one another. There is so much animosity and hatred in the world that speaking kindly about others is countercultural.

(19-20) Child, when you turn away from grace, it hurts me because I know how much it hurts you. I do not want you enslaved to external demands, unregulated emotions, and unbiblical shoulds and musts. When I see the freedom that comes from my Spirit growing in you, it brings me joy. It is perplexing when people so willingly go back into slavery. Live in your freedom.

(21-28) Ask yourself why you continue retreating to the law when you know you cannot measure up to it. Think about Abraham’s two sons, one born of slavery and one born of freedom.[6] Ishmael was born from desire Abraham’s and Sarah’s impatience and attempt to make life work in their own way. The birth of Isaac, the child of promise, was different. His birth was entirely from my grace. If you think about it as a picture of my unfolding story, the women—Hagar and Sarah—represent two covenants. Hagar represents the old covenant, her child born to slavery and held captive under the law. So many people continue to live as Hagar’s children, still in bondage. But Sarah represented my new covenant, which is all grace. If you remember the story, Sarah was barren and well beyond childbearing years. Her cries reached my ears and I loved her in her desolation, granting her a son, who had sons, who had sons, until her family covered the earth. Like Isaac, you are a child of promise and grace.

(29-31) Intolerant of Isaac’s freedom, Ishmael persecuted his brother. It is no different today. The world and the church are full of Ishmaels who want to steal your freedom, but slavery is not your inheritance. When slave masters come calling, send them away, because they have no claim upon you. Child, you are no longer a slave to the burden of the law, to the torment of fear, or to the pressure to perform. You are freedom’s child, purchased by my infinite grace.

Chapter 5

 (1) It is for your freedom that my Son set you free. He purchased your freedom on the cross. You are fully alive and can live unencumbered by rules and regulations that press you down. When people question the freedom that you enjoy, stand firm on the message of the cross. Child, you are free, so do not live like a slave.

(2-4) Paul was concerned that accepting circumcision was akin to a whole cloth rejection of my Son’s justifying work. Circumcision had much bigger implications in Paul’s day. It was not done for health or cosmetic reasons, but to signify one’s adherence to the old covenant. It was exchanging grace for law, but you cannot have it both ways. Seeking approval through rule following or moral living is a rejection of grace. You may believe that following the rules is a safety net, but it is not; it is unbelief.

(5-6) Have faith in my Spirit’s ongoing work. He is patiently cultivating the righteousness you desire, but you must let him work. Trust the process and do not rush it. When you have accepted what Jesus did for you, whether you follow religious rituals or not does not matter. Every day, hope in my Son’s finished work and trust that my Spirit is cultivating love.

(7-9) Child, sometimes you have no trouble living in the reality of what my Son accomplished. I love watching you breathe the clean air of freedom and how it shapes you into a more loving person. Yet sometimes, you get entangled in old way thinking and lose sight of me. The legalistic messages that grip you are not from me. Specializing in “yes, grace but…” messages, legalists plant seeds of doubt and then uncertainty spreads like weeds. They say things like, “Yes, we are saved by grace, but if you cannot get a handle on your swearing, it is probably an indication that were never really saved” or “Yes God is full of grace, but he is also full of truth, and the truth is that he rejects those who are living immorally. If you cannot get your sexual desires in check, you might want to ask yourself if you are really a believer.” Then you begin to doubt yourself and try to practice sin management, not out of love for me, but out the fear of my wrath. Child, there is no more wrath. You are fully approved and accepted.

(10-12) Remind yourself of my grace every day. Let me deal with those who oppose my graciousness. Paul understood that the cross was far more offensive than circumcision because it took your ability to save yourself completely off the table, but pride is attracted to self-salvation strategies. Paul was so passionate about my message of grace that he expressed his frustration with vivid imagery: “I wish those who are unsettling you by demanding circumcision would cut off their own manhood!” Let the reality of my grace stoke your passions.

(13-15) So now what? You are utterly free. Because of my grace, there are no demands on you. You may do whatever you wish because the law has no bearing on your salvation. None. Nada. If what I say is true, does it mean that you should continue in self-centeredness and pleasure seeking? Beloved, if you choose to live that way, I will love you no less, but my Spirit will continue the work of changing your affections. As you internalize my message of grace, your motivations will begin to change. You are already moving from a self-centered hedonist to an other-centered servant. Servanthood is the fruit of my love growing in you. Do you want to know how to follow every rule and regulation written in my word? Simple. Love your neighbor as you love yourself. Love is the fuel that runs my whole kingdom. When you are stuck in self-centered living, do not be surprised when you are the one who loses it all.

(16-17) Child, I know the conflict between fleshly desires and godliness that rages within you. You try to muster the discipline for righteousness by your own power, which is a recipe for failure. Instead remind yourself as often as you think of it that my Spirit dwells within you, encouraging you, counseling you, and praying for you. When you align your heart to my Spirit, the desire to chase after fleshly desires will diminish. Your flesh wars against the Spirit, but the Spirit also battles against your flesh. Allow him to win those daily battles.

(18) Again, remember that the law has no hold on you. That is good news, because rule keeping for the sake of my approval is a fruitless mission.

(19-21) You have no trouble recognizing your fleshly desires: sexual immorality, impurity, divisions within you and between you, wanting what others have, jealousy, pleasure seeking for its own sake, elevating things or people to the status of god in your life, magical thinking, conflict, unregulated anger, playing who is best, uncontrolled drinking, pleasure festivals, and things like these. Beloved, all these things reveal self-centered hearts. Their common motivation is seeking your own satisfaction. When you are led by fleshly desires, you are more concerned about your own gain and pleasure than about the well-being of the whole, which is built upon mutual submission, service, and love. Remember, my kingdom is other-centered. If you insist on continuing in self-centeredness, you will not have a place in my kingdom because there is no place for it there.

(22-23) When you live in step with my Spirit, the fruit that grows within you is wholly different, sweeter, and more nourishing. You will grow in love for others. You will develop a peaceful spirit, showing patience and kindness toward others. Your words and behaviors will reflect a different morality rooted in other-centered goodness. You will believe that I am for you with you. You will exude gentleness and humility. You will restrain yourself from being ruled by self-centered passions. There is no restriction on exhibiting these traits, so cultivate them in step with my Spirit.

(24) You belong to my Son. When he was crucified, you were justified and made pure. You possess a new purity as my servant Dwight Edwards wrote in his book about the new covenant, Revolution Within.[7] You also have a new power that enables you to overcome old sin patterns. As you walk in step with my Spirit, day by day, envision nailing your fleshly desires to the cross, because that is where my Son dealt with them.

(25-26) My Holy Spirit sustains your new life. Walk in step with him. Do not be prideful and arrogant about your faith, acting as if you are better than others because of how you live, or worse because others seems to be following me more closely. Keep your eyes in your own lane and keep in step with my Spirit. Everything else will fall into place.

Chapter 6

(1) In this world, you still see the effects of the fall. Believers will still fall prey to sinful temptation. When you see others acting in self-centeredness, point them back to the way of love. It is only those who have been overwhelmed by my graciousness who possess the heavenly vision to be able to aid others with gentleness and humility. Pay attention to your own soul too because both lawlessness and legalism would still like to ensnare you.

(2-3) I have called you to a life of mutual submission and service, which is the way of my Son. Following Christ is a life of mutuality and interdependence. Although I treasure your uniqueness and individuality, I created people to be interdependent. The world is filled with so much self-centeredness. People are encouraged to elevate themselves, often to the detriment of others. Child, you are a unique individual—I created you that way—but do not allow your uniqueness to become an excuse for pretending like you are better than others. Your uniqueness is part of the stunning mosaic that makes up the whole body of Christ.

(4-5) At the same time, do not leave the ongoing work of the kingdom to everyone else. Everyone plays a role. The body of believers works best when everyone does their part. If others in the church are doing amazing things in service to the kingdom, but you are entirely disengaged, do not boast by saying, “Our church is doing great things,” because then it is the work of others’ that you are bragging about. I want everyone involved in my kingdom.

(6) Do not neglect those who teach my word. They pour their heart and soul into rightly proclaiming my message and you benefit from the fruit of their labors. Be willing to share of the fruit of your labors with them. In the mutuality of my kingdom, everyone receives and everyone provides.

(7-8) Do not listen to the lies you hear from others or the lies that you tell yourself to justify sinfulness. When you imagine that I approve of sin, you are pretending that I am a fool, but I am no fool, I am infinite wisdom. I cannot be deceived and I will not be mocked. The seeds you plant, fertilize, and water are the ones that grow strong. In every moment, you can choose whether to sow to the flesh or sow to the Spirit. What will you choose? A garden filled with the weeds of corruption, or the blossoms of my everlasting kingdom.

(9-10) I know, beloved, that there will be seasons when life is overwhelming. You will look at your life’s garden and all you will see are weeds and bugs. You will feel the temptation to give up and let the weeds take over. Child, don’t give up. Your daily work pays amazing dividends in the long run. When you see the opportunity to love others with word and action, take it. Remember that my Son told his disciples in the upper room that people will know what following my Son is all about by watching how believers love and care for each other.[8]

(11-13) Paul dictated Galatians to a scribe, but he finished it in his own handwriting. Now, close to the end of the letter, he returned to the legalism around circumcision that he had talked about earlier. He reminded the Galatians that what motivated those who were pushing for circumcision was a desire to look good. They did not want to deal with criticisms and taunts for not being “real” believers. Paul knew that those who were circumcised were not actually following the law I handed down, they were marking their flesh so they looked the part.

Everyone faces the pressure to look the part. Christians may pressure one another to dress a certain way, use the right Bible translation, avoid certain groups and activities, or go to the right church, but those things do nothing to commend you to me.

(14-15) I have called you away from legalism to true righteousness found in my Son. If you feel the urge to boast about something, boast in the fact that you have been redeemed by my Son and in him, you have a brand new life, free from the crushing demands of rule keeping. The demands of the world have no hold on you. The task master has been fatally wounded. Following rules amounts to nothing as far as you and I are concerned. You are a brand-new person, fully redeemed and upheld daily by my Holy Spirit.

(16) Child, when you walk in this newfound freedom, you will live in my peace and mercy. You will know the wholeness that only I can give through my Son’s finished work and my Spirit’s ongoing activity within you. I want all people to know and live in this freedom.

(17) Sadly, proclaiming freedom may lead to criticism and attack. It is worth the risk. Do not yield to the bondage of legalism.

(18) Even in conflict, beloved, extend grace to others, because in my family, everyone belongs.

[1] Tullian Tchvidjian, Jesus + Nothing = Everything (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2011).

[2] Romans 5:20, ESV.

[3] See Bridges & Bevington, The Great Exchange.

[4] John 19:30.

[5] Deuteronomy 27:26, ESV.

[6] Genesis 15-21.

[7] Dwight Edwards, Revolution Within: A Fresh Look at Supernatural Living (Colorado Springs: Waterbrook, 2002).

[8] John 13:35.